- Examining psychosocial influences on health
- Studying the biological/behavioral pathways linking stress and heart disease
- Investigating psychological aspects of resilience in Latino health and health disparities, including the Hispanic mortality paradox
My program of research is broadly focused on how our social lives influence our health, for better and worse. I am particularly interested in the relationship between personaity, relationships, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the biobehavioral mechanisms underlying these relationship.
I am also studying racial/ethnic health disparities, particularly the epidemiological phenomenon referred to as the Hispanic Mortality Paradox.
Uchino, B. M., Ruiz, J. M., Smith, T. W., Smyth, J. M., Taylor, D. J., Allison, M., & Ahn, C. (2015). The strength of family ties: perceptions of network relationship quality and levels of c-reactive proteins in the North Texas Heart Study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine.
Ruiz, J. M., Hamann, H. A., Lewis, S., Prather, C. C., Garcia, J. J., & Santini, N. O. (2014). Racial/ethnic differences in 12-month in-hospital survival and hospital utilization trends: Evidence for a Hispanic survival and recovery advantage. Journal of Latina/o Psychology, 2, 92-102.
Ruiz, J. M., Steffen, P., & Smith, T. B. (2013). The Hispanic mortality paradox: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the longitudinal literature. American Journal of Public Health, 103, e1-e9.
Ruiz, J. M., Matthews, K. A., Scheier, M. F., & Schulz, R. (2006). Does whom you marry matter for your health? Influence of Patient’s and Spouse’s Personality on their Partner’s Psychological Well-being Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 91, 255-267.
Smith, T. W., & Ruiz, J. M. (2002). Psychosocial influences on the development and course of coronary heart disease: Current status and implications for research and practice. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 548-568.